The Zulu (Zulu: amaZulu) are the largest South African ethnic group, with an estimated 10–11 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. Small numbers also live in Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique.
Their language, Zulu, is a Bantu language; more specifically, part of the Nguni subgroup. The Zulu Kingdom played a major role in South African history during the 19th and 20th centuries. Under apartheid, Zulu people were classed as third-class citizens and suffered from state-sanctioned discrimination. They remain today the most numerous ethnic group in South Africa, and now have equal rights along with all other citizens.
Zulu Maiden at Reed Dance
During the Iron Age there was a large increase in the population and in cattle. This led to a mass migration of the Nguni people. Their chiefs started to move their people east and south east to the rich arable areas
which existed along the Indian Ocean coastline. The Karanga people went south to what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe. Because of internal strife and tension amongst the Karanga people they migrated even further south. Approximately 700 years ago the Lala people met up with the stone age bushmen.