Here are some interesting Facts about the Nile River.

Here are some interesting Facts about the Nile River.



The Nile River may be the longest river on this planet. On this page connected with Interesting Africa facts we list many details of this amazing Africa landform. In this list you’ll find information on such things as the location where the river begins and stops, why it has been so important during history, and the significance on the river especially to those that live nearby it.


Nile River Facts

  • The River Nile is in the beautiful continent of Africa. It originates inside Burundi, south of the equator, and flows northward to northeastern Africa, eventually flowing through Egypt and then draining into the Mediterranean Sea.


  • You will see that the land is environment friendly on either side of the River Nile.


  • Lake Victoria, Africa’s main lake, is generally is known as the source of the River Nile. On the northern edge of this lake, water pours over a waterfall, known as the Ripon Falls; into a narrow opening which many people believe is the beginning of the River Nile.


  • Ripon Falls is the starting-point of the water, but the many water ways that flow into the body of Lake Victoria could claim for being the true source.


  • Most of Lake Victoria is surrounded by mountains with streams tumbling on to the lake. The largest tributary of Lake Victoria is the River Kagera. The Kagera River and its tributary the Ruvubu, having its headwaters in Burundi, is now accepted as the true source of the River Nile. It is from here where the River Nile is measured as the world’s longest river.


  • The River Nile is formed from the ‘White Nile’, which originates at Lake Victoria and also the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana inside Ethiopia. These rivers meet in Sudan and then go on their long journey northwards for the sea.


  • The White Nile is a lot bigger than the Azure Nile, but because of losses on the way it contributes only about 15% for the flow of the combined Nile. Whereas the Blue Nile, rising in Ethiopia, contributes about 85% to the flow of the Nile River that passes through Egypt to the Mediterranean.


  • Because it offered water, food, transportation and excellent soil for growing tasty food most Egyptians lived near the Nile


  • The Nile River flows into the Mediterranean Sea.


  • The largest supply of the Nile is the Victoria Lake.


  • The Nile includes a length of about 4, 160 miles or 6, 695 kilometers.


  • Nile River’s average discharge is 680, 000 gallons (3.1 mil liters) each second.


  • The Nile basin is huge and includes aspects of Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Kenya and Congo (Kinshasa).


  • The name Nile originates from the Greek word “neilos”, which means river.


  • The Ancient Egyptians called the river Aur or Ar (black) as a result of the color of the sediment left after the annual flood of the river.


  • It does not take the place of the longest river in the globe. It is approximately 6, 670 km (5, 160 miles) long.


  • The Nile River flows on the high mountains in the center of some regions of Africa and north form the Nile delta.


  • Near the Mediterranean Sea the river splits into two branches, the Rosetta Branch (to the west) and also the Damietta (to the east). And both of these rivers flow into the Mediterranean Sea.


  • Both of the main Nile branches such as the White Nile (Eastern Africa) and the Blue Nile (Ethiopia) join at Khartoum (the capital city of Sudan which is in North East Africa).


  • Both the major sources of the Nile River are Lake Tana which feeds the Blue Nile branch and Lake Victoria which feeds the White Nile branch.


  • The river average floods is approximately 300 million cubic meters per day.


  • Ancient Egypt may have never become one of the primary civilizations in history if it was not for the Nile River. Ancient Egypt relied on agriculture to its wealth and power.


  • There are nine countries the Nile and tributaries flow through. These countries are Egypt, Ethiopia, Tanzanian, Uganda, Kenya, Burundi, Sudan, Rwanda and Zaire.


  • There are several major cities which have been located along the edge of the River Nile. These cities are Thebes/Luxor, Gondokoro, Cairo, Khartoum, Karnak and Aswan.


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