Hambukushu women fishing in the river with their traditional basket traps

Hambukushu women fishing in the river with their traditional basket traps, Okavango Delta,

Hambukushu women fishing in the river with their traditional basket traps

 

Hambukushu women fishing in the river with their traditional basket traps, Okavango Delta, Botswana.
History
Historically,Hambukushu have a legend that their Supreme God, Nyembe created the first people of their tribe and let them down on a rope from Heaven to the Tsodilo Hills. they authenticate their story by saying that they can show the actual footprints of the first men and animals on the rocks. However, many historians disagree with this legend, claiming that the prints on the rock are the Rock Arts of San (Bushmen) people.
Historically, Hambukushu is first recorded as a tribe of Barotse origin.
The history of Etsha settlement in north-western Botswana dates back to 1967 when 3,300 refugees from the Hambukushu tribe in southern Angola crossed into Botswana, fleeing Portuguese attacks during Angola's war of independence. In those days, Portuguese forces used to attack villages, burn the houses and take the livestock away, leaving the Hambukushu without any means of subsistence and finally forcing them to leave their territories.
The first arrivals in Botswana were recorded in December 1967. Reverend Wynne, a priest who worked with the refugees for many years, describes how they came in a terrible state: "They were naked except for a rough cloth covering their middle. The women had simple traditional ornaments and carried a plaited screen mat, a bundle with a few things and a water pot on their heads."
The refugees had nothing to eat but wild fruits in the bush. Emaciated and weakened by war and famine, many people died of sleeping sickness. In order to survive, the refugees looked for work among the Bayeye people who were traditionally farming the Etsha region of northern Botswana.
When the Hambukushu first arrived in Botswana, they were met by a wave of overwhelming hospitality and support. In order to give the newly-arrived refugees a status in Botswana, the Paramount Chief of the Batawana, Letsholatebe, adopted them as members of his tribe and allocated them land. The refugees were settled in 13 villages.
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