Ethnic Hambukushu mother from Okavango Delta with her child on her back crossing the flooded Okavango River in Botswana. Hambukushu (Mbukushu, Bukushu, Bukusu, Mbukuschu, Mamakush, Mampakush, Ghuva, Haghuva, Gova, Cusso, Kusso, Hakokohu, Havamasiko), are a small Bantu-speaking amalgamated people of Barotseland origin of the Central Bantu matrilineal agricultural complex living especially in Ngamiland (The Okavango Delta) in Botswana and some part of South West Africa. Apart from Botswana, Hambukushu people live in northern Namibia and southern Angola. There are also Hambukushu people in southwestern Zambia.
HAMBUKUSHU PEOPLE: AFRICA`S RAIN-MAKERS OF OKAVANGO
The Tswana-speaking people of Botswana call these Bantu natives from Barotseland in Zambia as "Mbukushu," but the collective name the people have given to themselves is "Hambukushu." One person from the tribe is Mbukushu and their language is Simbukushu.
The Hambukushu are known for their rain-making prowess in Okavango Delta and as a result they are known as "The Rain-makers of Okavango." They are known for their basket weaving artistry and their woman are also known for using traps to catch fish.
The Hambukushu people together with four other tribes in South Africa are known as "The Okavango Delta" people. The four including:
(1) Bugakwe (Kxoe, Bugakhoe, Kwengo, Barakwena, Mbarakwena, Mbarakwengo, G/anda, /anda),
(2) Dxeriku (Dceriku, Diriku, Gceriku, Gciriku, Vagciriku, Giriku, Mbogedo, Niriku, Vamanyo),
(3) Wayeyi (Bayei, Bayeyi, Bakoba, Bajei, Jo, Hajo, Tjaube, Yei), and
(4) Xanekwe (Gxanekwe, //tanekwe, tannekhoe, River Bushmen, Swamp Bushmen, G//ani, //ani, Banoka). Note that for each of these groups, there are many different spellings (and pronunciations). Some of these
are names from another language; others are corruptions or misinterpretations. Since many outsiders have contributed to the written history of these groups and people have moved across national boundaries, it is important to recognize this disparate nomenclature to preserve the breadth of each group’s cultural history.
In the time past, Hambukushu people called themselves as the Haguva, "the people.'and one person is a "guva." According to some Hambukushu oral historians, Hambukushu also used to refer to themselves as "Havamasiko" before they arrived along the Okavango River about the beginning of 19th century.